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Kettering Buccleuch Academy

Preventing Extremism and Radicalisation Policy

REVIEWED BY: Safeguarding committee




Kettering Buccleuch Academy is committed to providing a secure environment for pupils, where children feel safe and are kept safe. All staff and volunteers working at Kettering Buccleuch Academy recognise that safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility irrespective of the role they undertake or whether their role has direct contact or responsibility for children or not.

Under the Counter Terrorism and Security Act 2015 the academy also has a statutory duty to have due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism.

This policy is one element within our overall academy arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of all children in line with our statutory duties set out in section 175 of the Education Act 2002 and should be read in conjunction with our Safeguarding and Child Protection Policies.

This Policy also draws upon the guidance contained in Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children’s Board documentSupporting Children and Young People Vulnerable to Violent Extremism and Radicalisation and DfE GuidanceKeeping Children Safe in Education, 2015; andTeaching Approaches that help Build Resilience to Extremism among Young People;’ and How Social Media Is Used To Encourage Travel To Syria and Peter Clarke’s Report of July 2014.

Academy Ethos and Practice

When operating this policy Kettering Buccleuch Academy uses the following accepted Governmental definition of extremism which is:

‘Vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs; and/or calls for the death of members of our armed forces, whether in this country or overseas’.

There is no place for extremist views of any kind in our academy, whether from internal sources – pupils, staff or governors, or external sources - academy community, external agencies or individuals. Our pupils see our academy as a safe place where they can explore controversial issues safely and where our teachers encourage and facilitate this – we have a duty to ensure this happens.

As an academy we recognise that extremism and exposure to extremist materials and influences can lead to poor outcomes for children and so should be addressed as a safeguarding concern as set out in this policy. We also recognise that if we fail to challenge extremist views we are failing to protect our pupils.

Extremists of all persuasions aim to develop destructive relationships between different communities by promoting division, fear and mistrust of others based on ignorance or prejudice and thereby limiting the life chances of young people. Education is a powerful weapon against this; equipping young people with the knowledge, skills and critical thinking, to challenge and debate in an informed way.

Therefore we will provide a broad and balanced curriculum, delivered by skilled professionals, so that our pupils are enriched, they understand and become tolerant of difference and diversity and also to ensure that they thrive, feel valued and not marginalised. Furthermore at Kettering Buccleuch Academy we are aware that young people can be exposed to extremist influences or prejudiced views from an early age which emanate from a variety of sources and media, including via the internet, and at times pupils may themselves reflect or display views that may be discriminatory, prejudiced or extremist, including using derogatory language.

Any prejudice, discrimination or extremist views, including derogatory language, displayed by pupils or staff will always be challenged and where appropriate dealt with in line with our Behaviour Policy.

As part of wider safeguarding responsibilities academy staff will be alert to:

• Disclosures by pupils of their exposure to the extremist actions, views or materials of others outside of academy, such as in their homes or community groups.

• Graffiti symbols, writing or art work promoting extremist messages or images

• Pupils accessing extremist material online, including through social networking sites

• Parental reports of changes in behaviour, friendship or actions and requests for assistance

• Local schools, local authority services, and police reports of issues affecting pupils in other schools or settings

• Pupils voicing opinions drawn from extremist ideologies and narratives

• Use of extremist or ‘hate’ terms to exclude others or incite violence

• Intolerance of difference, whether secular or religious or, in line with our equalities policy, views based on, but not exclusive to, gender, disability, homophobia, race, colour or culture

• Attempts to impose extremist views or practices on others

• Anti-Western or Anti-British views

Our academy will closely follow any locally agreed procedure as set out by Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Board’s agreed processes http://northamptonshirescb.proceduresonline.com/chapters/p_yp_links.html and criteria for safeguarding individuals vulnerable to extremism and radicalisation.

Teaching Approaches

We will all strive to eradicate the myths and assumptions that can lead to some young people becoming alienated and disempowered, especially where the narrow approaches children may experience elsewhere may make it harder for them to challenge or question these radical influences. In our academy this will be achieved by good teaching, primarily via Global Learning; but also by adopting the methods outlined in the Government’s guidance Teaching approaches that help build resilience to extremism among young people DfE 2011 and Promoting Fundamental British Values as Part of SMSC in Schools - Departmental advice for maintained academys1st November 2014.

We will ensure that all of our teaching approaches help our pupils build resilience to extremism and give pupils a positive sense of identity through the development of critical thinking skills. We will ensure that all of our staff are equipped to recognise extremism and are skilled and confident enough to challenge it.

We will be flexible enough to adapt our teaching approaches, as appropriate, as to address specific issues so as to become even more relevant to the current issues of extremism and radicalisation. In doing so we will apply the ‘key ingredients’ see Appendix A, and we will apply the methodologies set out in that document following the three broad categories of:

• Making a connection with young people using a pupil centred approach

• Facilitating a ‘safe space’ for dialogue

• Equipping our pupils with the appropriate skills, knowledge, understanding and awareness for resilience

Therefore this approach will be embedded within the ethos of our academy so that pupils know and understand what safe and acceptable behaviour is in the context of extremism and radicalisation. This will work in conjunction with our academy’s approach to the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of pupils as defined in OfSTED’s Academy Inspection Handbook September 2015 and will include the sound use of House Assemblies to help further promote this rounded development of our pupils.

At Kettering Buccleuch Academy we will promote the values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, mutual respect and tolerance for those with different faiths and beliefs. We will teach and encourage pupils to respect one another and to respect and tolerate difference, especially those of a different faith or no faith. It is indeed our most fundamental responsibility to keep our pupils safe and prepare them for life in modern multi-cultural Britain and globally.

Use of External Agencies and Speakers

At Kettering Buccleuch Academy we encourage the use of external agencies or speakers to enrich the experiences of our pupils, however we will positively vet those external agencies, individuals or speakers who we engage to provide such learning opportunities or experiences for our pupils. Such vetting is to ensure that we do not unwittingly use agencies that contradict each other with their messages or that are inconsistent with, or are in compete opposition to, the academy’s values and ethos. We must be aware that in some instances the work of external agencies may not directly be connected with the rest of the academy curriculum so we need to ensure that this work is of benefit to pupils.

Our academy will assess the suitability and effectiveness of input from external agencies or individuals to ensure that:

• Any messages communicated to pupils are consistent with the ethos of the academy and do not marginalise any communities, groups or individuals

• Any messages do not seek to glorify criminal activity or violent extremism or seek to radicalise pupils through extreme or narrow views of faith, religion or culture or other ideologies

• Activities are matched to the needs of pupils

We recognise, however, that the ethos of our academy is to encourage pupils to understand opposing views and ideologies, appropriate to their age, understanding and abilities, and to be able to actively engage with them in informed debate, and we may use external agencies or speakers to facilitate and support this.

Therefore by delivering a broad and balanced curriculum, augmented by the use of external sources where appropriate, we will strive to ensure our pupils recognise risk and build resilience to manage any such risk themselves where appropriate to their age and ability but also to help pupils develop the critical thinking skills needed to engage in informed debate.

Referring Concerns

Where there are concerns of extremism or radicalisation parents, pupils and staff will be encouraged to make use of our internal systems to raise any issue in confidence. Our lead person for Prevent is Phil Henton (Assistant Principal and Designated Senior Person) who would normally be the first point of contact should there be concerns. Referrals should be logged via CPOMS. If a member of staff feels that there is an immediate danger to the life of the individual or others they should call 999.

If, following initial discussions, there are serious safeguarding concerns in relation to a young person’s vulnerability to violent extremism or radicalisation then these will be submitted on the multi-agency referral form in line with the Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children’s Board Referrals Procedure to Children’s Social Care.

Advice and guidance can be sought from the Prevent Engagement Officers at Northamptonshire Police (Email: prevent@northants.pnn.police.uk or phone: 101 (ext 343931) or 101 (ext 345215).

Child Protection

Please refer to our Child Protection Policy for the full procedural framework on our Child Protection duties.

Staff will be alert to the fact that whilst Extremism and Radicalisation is broadly a safeguarding issue there may be some instances where a child or children may be at direct risk of harm or neglect. For example; this could be due to a child displaying risky behaviours in terms of the activities they are involved in or the groups they are associated with or staff may be aware of information about a child’s family that may equally place a child at risk of harm. (These examples are for illustration and are not definitive or exhaustive)

Therefore all adults working at Kettering Buccleuch Academy (including visiting staff, volunteers and contractors) are required to report instances where they believe a child may be at risk of harm or neglect to the Designated Safeguarding Person who will make a referral to children’s social care or the Northamptonshire Prevent team when appropriate.

The Designated Safeguarding Person is the focus person and local ‘expert’ for academy staff, and others, who may have concerns about an individual child’s safety or well-being and is the first point of contact for external agencies. In line with Recommendation 2 of Peter Clarke’s Report; the role of our Designated Safeguarding Person has been extended to include the responsibilities of the PREVENT strand of the Government’s counter-terrorism strategy.


All staff, including temporary staff, and volunteers will receive an induction in regard to our Child Protection Policy and Procedures. This will include information and guidance about our duty to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism.

Whole academy in-service training in regard to safeguarding and child protection will be organised for staff, governors and volunteers at least every three years and will, in part, include awareness raising on extremism and radicalisation and its safeguarding implications.

The Designated Safeguarding Person will attend appropriate and relevant training courses in regard to safeguarding children, including the appropriate inter-agency training organised by the Safeguarding Children Board at least every two years. This will include accessing training on extremism and radicalisation and its safeguarding implications. The Designated Safeguarding Lead will ensure that all adults working in the academy receive appropriate levels of training, guidance and support in regard to safeguarding children from extremism and radicalisation.

Recruitment and staff conduct

The arrangements for recruiting all staff, permanent and volunteers, to our academy will follow guidance for safer recruitment best practice in education settings, including, but not limited to, ensuring that DBS checks are always made at the appropriate level, that references are always received and checked and that we complete and maintain a single central record of such vetting checks. We will apply safer recruitment best practice principles and sound employment practice in general and in doing so will deny opportunities for inappropriate recruitment or advancement.

We will be alert to the possibility that persons may seek to gain positions within our academy so as to unduly influence our academy’s character and ethos. We are aware that such persons seek to limit the opportunities for our pupils thereby rendering them vulnerable to extremist views and radicalisation as a consequence. Therefore, by adhering to safer recruitment best practice techniques and by ensuring that there is an ongoing culture of vigilance within our academy and staff team we will minimise the opportunities for extremist views to prevail.

Referrals to the Northamptonshire LADO service will be made when appropriate.

Role of Local Governing Body

The Local Governing Body will undertake appropriate training to ensure that they are clear about their role and the parameters of their responsibilities as Governors, including their statutory safeguarding duties. The Local Governing Body will support the ethos and values of our academy and will support the academy in tackling extremism and radicalisation.

In line with Recommendation 13 of Peter Clarke’s report details of our Local Governing Body are published on our academy website to promote transparency. In line with the provisions set out in the DfE guidance ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education, 2015 the governing body will challenge the academy’s senior management team on the delivery of this policy and monitor its effectiveness.

Governors will review this policy regularly (annually) and may amend and adopt it outside of this timeframe in accordance with any new legislation or guidance or in response to any quality assurance recommendations pertaining to the delivery of this policy and the overall safeguarding arrangements made.